How to set up SQL Server System Alerts

In this article I will be sharing the TSQL Script I use to set up SQL Server System Alerts. Prerequisites for this script to work are you have database mail set up and working and have defined an operator to use.

This script sets up alerts of severity 16 and up. These are errors you want to alert on because they either represent a resource issue, an integrity issue, or a hardware issue. Severity 15 and down tends to refer to the database and deals with issues that are tied to syntax errors, violations of foreign keys, etc. These issues do not typically require an alert and can be viewed in the error log.

Alert meaning:

016 Miscellaneous User Error
017 Insufficient Resources
018 Nonfatal Internal Error Detected
019 SQL Server Error in Resource
020 SQL Server Fatal Error in Current Process
021 SQL Server Fatal Error in Database (dbid) Process
022 SQL Server Fatal Error Table Integrity Suspect
023 SQL Server Fatal Error: Database Integrity Suspect
024 Hardware Error
025 (no description)
823 I/O Failure
824 I/O Failure
825 I/O Subsystem Failing (Not completely failed)

Just do a globale find and replace of PLACE_HOLDER with the operator you have defined for the alert and run the script.

USE msdb;
GO

/*
CHANGE OPERATOR NAME: PLACE_HOLDER
(TIP: LOOK AT OPERATORS IN SSMS FOR LIST OF AVAILABLE OPERATORS)
*/
/*
[1] DELETE ALERTS IF THEY ALREADY EXIST
*/
IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Severity 016'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Severity 016';
END
GO

IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Severity 017'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Severity 017';
END
GO

IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Severity 018'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Severity 018';
END
GO

IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Severity 019'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Severity 019';
END
GO

IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Severity 020'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Severity 020';
END
GO

IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Severity 021'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Severity 021';
END
GO

IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Severity 022'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Severity 022';
END
GO

IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Severity 023'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Severity 023';
END
GO

IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Severity 024'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Severity 024';
END
GO

IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Severity 025'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Severity 025';
END
GO

IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Error Number 823'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Error Number 823';
END
GO

IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Error Number 824'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Error Number 824';
END
GO

IF EXISTS (
		SELECT *
		FROM dbo.sysalerts
		WHERE NAME = 'Error Number 825'
		)
BEGIN
	EXEC dbo.sp_delete_alert @name = N'Error Number 825';
END
GO

/*
[2] CREATE ALERTS AND SET UP NOTIFICATIONS
*/
EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Severity 016'
	,@message_id = 0
	,@severity = 16
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Severity 016'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Severity 017'
	,@message_id = 0
	,@severity = 17
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Severity 017'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Severity 018'
	,@message_id = 0
	,@severity = 18
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Severity 018'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Severity 019'
	,@message_id = 0
	,@severity = 19
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Severity 019'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Severity 020'
	,@message_id = 0
	,@severity = 20
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Severity 020'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Severity 021'
	,@message_id = 0
	,@severity = 21
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Severity 021'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Severity 022'
	,@message_id = 0
	,@severity = 22
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Severity 022'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Severity 023'
	,@message_id = 0
	,@severity = 23
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Severity 023'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Severity 024'
	,@message_id = 0
	,@severity = 24
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Severity 024'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Severity 025'
	,@message_id = 0
	,@severity = 25
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Severity 025'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Error Number 823'
	,@message_id = 823
	,@severity = 0
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Error Number 823'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Error Number 824'
	,@message_id = 824
	,@severity = 0
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Error Number 824'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_alert @name = N'Error Number 825'
	,@message_id = 825
	,@severity = 0
	,@enabled = 1
	,@delay_between_responses = 60
	,@include_event_description_in = 1
	,@job_id = N'00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000';
GO

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_add_notification @alert_name = N'Error Number 825'
	,@operator_name = N'PLACE_HOLDER'
	,@notification_method = 7;
GO
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